The textiles of Rajasthan represent a mixture of vibrant colors & royal ancestry. As the fabrics in this state are woven with intricate delicacy & extreme attention to detail, it is highly recommended across the world to buy these textiles from the locals of Rajasthan and not from any urban markets. So, without wasting any time, lets dive into the rich history of Rajasthani textiles.
Bandhani (Derived from the Sanskrit word bandh, which means to bind and tie) is a tie-dye fabric embellished by plucking of the cloth using fingernails. Colours specially used in Bandhani are yellow, red, blue, green & black. As it is a tie-dye process, only natural colors are used & a large variety of patterns can be created. Bandhani is also worn for symbolic purposes, red represents a Hindu bride & yellow represents maternity.
Fun Fact: The earliest examples of Bandhani work date back to 4000 BC.
Practiced exclusively in Rajasthan, Leheriya is a tie-dye technique which results in a glistening cloth with distinguishing patterns. Done on thin cotton or silk cloth, the lengths of Leheriya are usually appropriate for sarees & turbans. Usage of Indigo is prominent for coloring Leheriya, giving a dazzling look to the fabric.
Fun Fact: Turbans of Leheriya cloth were a popular male fashion choice in the 19th & 20th century.
Named after the town they are popularly produced in, Bagru cloth is created by natural dyeing & using an interesting hand block printing method practiced exclusively by the Chippa community. Known for its zigzag patterns, bagru printing is done using vegetable & Indigo colours.
Fun Fact: Bagru Printing made its way into Rajasthan during the 17th century. The Chippa community immigrated to the desert state to get away from the social upheaval going on in Gujarat at the time.
The most famous cloth manufactured in the Kota region is the Kota Doria. Popular features of this textile are the checkered square designs & lightweight feel. Onion juice in addition to rice mush are applied during the weaving process of this garment, ensuring the durability of the material.
Fun Fact: Back in the 17th century, Kota Doria sarees were known as Masuria Sarees as they were only woven in Mysore. A Mughal General by the name of Rao Kishore Singh brought these weavers into Kota and thus began the tradition of Kota Doria Sarees.
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